In Europe 5.5 million young people quit school before they have completed the upper secondary education with the average EU rate 12.4%. That’s why European Union has put early school leaving prevention high on the list of its priorities by considering it as one of the major challenges in European educational policy. Reducing the average European rate of early school leavers to less than 10% by 2020 is one of the education headline targets of the Europe 2020.
Early school leaving (ESL) is a multi-faceted and complex problem caused by a cumulative process of disengagement. It is a result of personal, social, economic, education or family-related reasons. Schools play the most important role in addressing ESL but they cannot and should not work in isolation. Comprehensive approaches that focus on the root causes are required to reduce ESL. Reducing ESL can help towards the integration of young people into the labour market, and contribute to breaking the cycle of deprivation that leads to the social exclusion of too many young people.
Leaving school before completing upper secondary education is often triggered by problems that can be related to the course of study, the school, or to certain health, personal, or emotional difficulties young people face. It can also be associated with the socioeconomic or family background of pupils. Limited access to quality education or to an individual’s preferred choice of study may be especially problematic in rural or disadvantaged areas. Structural characteristics of the education system, such as inflexible education pathways, early tracking or high retention rates may also contribute to high ESL rates. At the school level, an unhealthy school climate, bullying or poor relationships between pupils and teachers may trigger ESL. Pupils who do not feel ownership of their education and do not have a voice in the school may lose interest and become at risk of ESL.
During the course the participants will learn how to identify those causes of ESL and the best approaches and strategies to prevent, tackle and reduce it. The course doesn’t offer quick solutions; instead it shows how to achieve sustainable results in the long term process with holistic and systemic approach.
Taking this course in Spain will provide you special content related experiences since;
Spain is the second country among EU that has the highest ESL rate with 19%. However, this national rate is being reduced continuously to reach European standards with concrete practical policies. The school dropout rate has been managed to reduce in the last decade from 30.3% in 2006 to 19% in 2016. And the objective for 2020 is to reach 15%.
From the ministry of education they point two main factors to explain this improvement. First is keeping the students with an educational offer adapted to their needs. Likewise, specific programs have been created within vocational training that allow students to engage in their studies. Yet, the second factor is related to the students who have already left the education system as giving them another opportunity by providing them vocational and skill acquisition trainings by integrated centers of Ministry of Employment.
During the course the participants will learn ESL in Spanish context; strategies and reforms adopted in Spain for fast reduce of ESL rate, and practical applications in Spain to combat ESL by professional visits to adequate schools and institutions